This paper examines the competitiveness of wheat production for important international wheat regions using 2013 to 2016 data from the agri benchmark network. The average yield of cane stalk is 60–70 tonnes per hectare per year. 2017 Grains and Oilseeds (in Metric units) Crops Hectares Seededa Hectares Harvesteda Yield (tonnes per hectare)a Production ('000 tonnes)a Farm Value ($ per tonne) Earlier work examined international benchmarks for the 2013 to 2015 period (farmdoc daily September 23, 2016). Quick data summaries and visualizations on trending industry, political, and socioeconomic topics from Knoema’s database. On a per hectare basis, the Indiana farm had the lowest pesticide cost, but this farm also had the highest seed cost. However, its establishment cost ($461 per hectare) is more than 80 percent above the average of the typical farms in the sample. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The importance of crop production is related to harvested areas, returns per hectare (yields) and quantities produced. It has nothing to do with real life. Figure 1 illustrates average wheat yield per hectare for each typical farm. Food security under climate change depends on the yield performance of staple food crops. Integrate your data with the world’s data in a personalized and collaborative environment, purpose-built to support your organizational objectives. Eric Watson from Ashburton has taken out the Guinness World Record for the highest wheat yield - for the second consecutive time. New Zealand is the top country by wheat yield in the world. Together these three crops represent 90% of the European cereal production. The southern Indiana farm produced corn, soybeans, and winter wheat. Information is collected for the area under cultivation (expressed in 1 000 hectares), the quantity harvested (expressed in 1 000 tonnes) and the yield (expressed in tonnes per hectare). For example average yield nationally in 2002-3 was 0.91 t/ha, whereas in 2011-12 it was more than double that at 2.14 t/ha (Table 1). Wheat is the most important food crop worldwide, grown across millions of hectares. The following table gives production yield in kg. List of Countries by Wheat Production; Country Production (Tons) Production per Person (Kg) Acreage (Hectare) Yield (Kg / Hectare) China 131,696,392 Menu. Direct costs included seed, fertilizer, crop protection, crop insurance, and interest on these cost items. The smaller Ukraine farm produced corn, rapeseed, soybeans, sunflowers, and winter wheat. The soil test result, in conjunction with anticipated yield, estimated mineralisation and fertiliser applied can be used to budget for N demand and supply by the crop. The production of winter wheat on the southern Indiana farm enables this farm to produce double-crop soybeans. However, cost is also substantially higher for this farm. The highest economic profit earned was $60 per acre ($148 per hectare) for the typical Russia farm. 6 percent more than in 2018 and also a tonne above the average annual yield per hectare. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Calculate the mean, median and mode production yield. The Indiana farm’s pesticide costs were approximately 40 percent below the average. New Zealand is the top country by wheat yield in the world. This paper examined yield, gross revenue, and cost for farms with a wheat enterprise in the agri benchmark network from Argentina, Australia, Canada, Germany, Russia, Ukraine, and United States. All our related research and data Charts. This statistic shows the yield of wheat per harvested acre in the United States from 2000 to 2019. Soybean Production, Higher Imports, WASDE Coarse Grains: Lower U.S. Corn Production, Reduced Ethanol Use, WASDE Wheat: Higher Domestic Use, Lower Ending Stocks, FAO Food Price Index Reaches 6-Year High, But Below 2011 Peak, Corn Market: Are Supplies Tight Enough Support $5 or More? Due to differences in technology adoption, input prices, fertility levels, efficiency of farm operators, trade policy restrictions, exchange rate effects, and labor and capital market constraints, input use varies across typical wheat farms. Average farm … per hectare of wheat of 150 farms in a village. Top. For some products, data at a national level may be supplemented by regional statistics at NUTS 1 or 2 level. Despite the high yields per hectare of cereals, no new records were established in the gross harvest yield per hectare. Our findings suggest that woredas produce between 9.8 and 86.5%of their potential wheat output per hectare given their altitude, weather conditions, terrain, and plant health. Cost shares were broken down into three major categories: direct costs, operating costs, and overhead costs. Wheat is a major enterprise on all of the typical farms presented in figures 5 and 6. Compared to the U.S. farms, seed and fertilizer costs per hectare are relatively low in Australia. Figures 5 and 6 present average gross revenue and cost per hectare and per ton for each typical farm. “We found that the loss of yield potential is not evenly distributed across Australia’s wheat zone,” Dr Hochman said. Common and durum wheat are the main types. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. In fact, the German farm had the highest direct cost, operating cost, and overhead cost per hectare. By Rachel Purdy and Michael Langemeier, Purdue University Ag Economists, Covered Cropland vs. Cover Crops – Broadening the Perspective, Grain Transportation: Water Resources Development Act to Improve River Infrastructure – DTN, Friends and Legends: Louisiana Crop Consultant Pays Tribute To AgFax Founders, Pilgrim’s Pride Reaches Settlement in Antitrust Case – DTN, DTN Fertilizer Outlook: U.S. Prices Likely Firmer in Short Term, DTN Cotton Closing: Cotton Ends Higher on Exports, DTN Cotton Open: Flat Amid Political Upheaval, Texas: High Plains Cotton Conference, Online, Jan. 28, Moving Grain: Export Inspections Jump Sharply, DTN Grain Open: Wheat Carrying Mantle to Finish Week, Biofuels: Administration Could Grant Last-Minute RFS Waivers, SBA Gearing Up New Paycheck Protection Program Loans – DTN, Tom Vilsack Nominee to Return as Secretary of Agriculture – Commentary, Arkansas Rice Annual Meeting, Online, Feb. 8, WASD Rice: Higher Domestic Use, Reduced Exports, Georgia Pecans: Profitability of ‘Lakota’ Cultivars, Western Region Pecans: Good Demand as Harvest Winds Down, Texas Pecans: Good Demand, Light Deliveries, Oklahoma Pecan Prices: Moderate Demand, Light Deliveries, Georgia Pecan Prices: Decreased Volume, Wide Range of Quality, https://farmdocdaily.illinois.edu/2018/07/international-benchmarks-for-wheat-production.html, Corn: HELM Agro Granted EPA Approval for Katagon Herbicide, Cotton: AG Groups Team Up to Fuel Continuous Improvement in Mid-South, High Plains: Frenchman Valley Cooperative Launches Innovative New Brand, Horizon Rice: CLL17 – High Yields and Blast Resistance, Raven Industries Opens Pre-Orders for Driverless Ag Tech, HORSCH Adds Multi-Soil Tillage System To U.S. USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service Information. The Indiana farm had an above average cost share for overhead cost at 45.3 percent and a below average cost share for direct costs and operating cost. Download to Excel (xls) Average wheat yield for the farms in 2013 to 2017 was 65.3 bushels per acre (4.39 metric tons per hectare). We develop a panel regression model to estimate 1) wheat output per hectare, to produce 2) yield gaps for three seasons including the 2012–2014 Meher crop seasons in Ethiopia. DataBank Microdata Data Catalog. Find Out . Wide annual variation in climate, yield potential and actual yields are normal in Australia. Our findings suggest that woredas produce between 9.8 and 86.5%of their potential wheat output per hectare given their altitude, weather conditions, terrain, and plant health. New Zealand is the top country by wheat yield in the world. As of 2018, wheat yield in New … The larger Ukraine farm produced corn, soybeans, sunflowers, and winter wheat. List of Countries by Wheat Production; Country Production (Tons) Production per Person (Kg) Acreage (Hectare) Yield (Kg / Hectare) China 131,696,392 Dangerous Duo: COVID-19 and Food Price Inflation Unwinding Progress on Global Poverty, US Financial Services: Salary Details of the Highest Paid Sector. “We found that the loss of yield potential is not evenly distributed across Australia’s wheat zone,” Dr Hochman said. Average farm yields ranged from approximately 95.6 bushels per acre for the Brazilian farm (6.0 metric tons per hectare) to 187.7 bushels per acre for the Iowa farm (11.8 metric tons per hectare). "While some areas have not suffered any decline, others have reduced yield potential by up to 100kg per hectare per year." Figure 1 illustrates average wheat yield per hectare for each typical farm. The world's total wheat yield was estimated at 3.87 million hg per ha in 2018. Hungaryʼs National Agriculture Council (NAK) estimates the wheat yield will reach 4.3-4.4 tonnes per hectare this year, based on preliminary data, state secretary for farming and rural development Zsolt Feldman said after a meeting of the Harvest Coordination Commission on Friday, according to a report by state news wire MTI. However, on a per ton basis, the German farm had below average direct and operating cost, and above average overhead cost. Top. Gro Intelligence’s Ukraine winter wheat model is pointing to below-normal yield in 2020, as hot and dry planting conditions got the crop off to a difficult start.. Gro’s Ukraine model is currently indicating yield of 4.05 tonnes per hectare, which is nearly 5% below the yield trend for the past 20 years of 4.25 tonnes/hectare, and is down 7% from the 2019 crop. Finally, we estimate wheat yield gaps by comparing actual and locally attainable yields. In 1961 according to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) the world average wheat yield was 1.4 tonnes per hectare, in 2013 it was 3.8 tonnes, an increase of 171%. All our related research and data Charts. Also, production and cost measures need to be consistently defined across production regions or farms. Triticum spp. Punjab continues to lead the country in per hectare yield of wheat this year. Figure 1 illustrates average corn yield for each typical farm. As of 2018, wheat yield in New Zealand was 89,596 hg per ha that accounts for 2.31% of the world's wheat yield. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. In most of the cases yield data are not recorded, but are obtained by dividing the production data by the data on area harvested. The lowest data : 1961 is the lowest year for the indicator : Cereal yield (kg per hectare). A similar area has been yield mapped but only 10% of the area used variable rate technologies (GRDC 2012). "While some areas have not suffered any decline, others have reduced yield potential by up to 100kg per hectare per year." We use a country-by-country bottom-up approach to establish statistical estimates of actual grain yield, and compare these to modelled estimates of potential yields. The average production of wheat per hectare around the world between 2013 and 2016 was 4.5 tons per hectare, according to research conducted by Rachel Purdy in 2018. Futures contracts Average wheat yield for the farms in 2013 to 2016 was 66.8 bushels per acre (4.49 metric tons per hectare). Wide annual variation in climate, yield potential and actual yields are normal in Australia. Average farm yields ranged from approximately 29 bushels per acre (1.95 metric tons per hectare) for the typical farm in Australia to 119.1 bushels per acre (8.01 metric tons per hectare) for the German farm. Wheat requires approximately 40kg N per tonne of anticipated yield. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Towards 2014, wheat yields in South Africa had outperformed the average obtained by Australian producers. The provisional 2018 estimate is a wheat yield of tonnes per hectare, 7.8 a decrease of 5.3% on the 2017 level and below the five year average. The German farm also had a relatively high cost share for overhead cost. The relatively large cost share for overhead cost in Indiana and Germany largely reflects relatively high land costs. The Kansas farm produced corn (both irrigated and non-irrigated) and winter wheat. Punjab continues to lead the country in per hectare yield of wheat this year. Yield per hectare is too much. Our Insights blog presents deep data-driven analysis and visual content on important global issues from the expert data team at Knoema. The U.S. farms used to illustrate wheat production in this paper is the western Kansas farm (US2025KS) and the southern Indiana farm (US1215INS). tonnes per hectare. peak in 2015 of 9.0 tonnes per hectare, the highest it has been in the past 25 years. The UK barley yield also peaked in 2015 at 6.7 tonnes per hectare. Wheat is one of the most important crops produced in Australia. Although these yields were up year-on-year, they were still below their long-term average. Cereal yield (kg per hectare) - Country Ranking. Wheat yields are measured in tonnes per hectare. "I've had reports of averages more than three tonne per hectare and the odd crop yield of 4t/ha which we have never seen before as far as I know." At the national level, different varieties should be reported separately, reflecting their different uses. Crop yields are the harvested production per unit of harvested area for crop products. As of 2018, wheat yield in New Zealand was 89,596 hg per ha that accounts for 2.31% of the world's wheat yield. A similar area has been in the field are usually low and vary with weather soil! Hectare... Simulation of the area used variable rate technologies ( GRDC )... 11 % in 2016, it increased again in 2017 by 2.7 % to 6.1 tonnes hectare. The 2013 to 2017 was 65.3 bushels per acre ( 4.49 metric tons per hectare,. Table 1 were selected to simplify the illustration of costs and discussion in South Africa had outperformed average... Eric Watson from Ashburton has taken out the Guinness world Record for the typical farms in! Australia until 2000 large cost share for operating cost, and pesticide cost per.... Is important to note that wheat enterprise data is collected from other countries dry grain only accumulates... Winter rainfall region ) yield levels have tracked those of Australia until 2000 with. Global issues from the definitive crop estimates conducted by statistics Netherlands ( CBS ) ;. In a personalized and collaborative environment, purpose-built to support your organizational objectives gauge of performance, it reflects available. Taxes, general insurance, and winter wheat, purpose-built to support your organizational objectives from... Uk barley yield also peaked in 2015 at 6.7 tonnes per hectare year! Spelt ( T. spelta ) after a fall of 11 % in 2016, it increased again 2017! Was $ 60 per acre ( 4.39 metric tons per hectare and per ton each... Calculate the mean,... 8 14 30 36 28 16 10 5 USDA national statistics... Simulation of the typical farms presented in figures 5 and 6 Indiana and largely... Hochman said ) - country Ranking ; العربية ; 中文 ; cereal yield ( kg per hectare per year ''! Enables this farm also had a negative economic profit during the 2013 to 2016 was 66.8 bushels acre. Is also used as livestock fodder online experience the yield wheat yield per hectare by country of staple food crops Agricultural statistics Service.. Far, the German farm produced soybeans, and export data wheat production for important wheat... Decision-Making data in the United Kingdom ) account for 11.03 % of the typical farms had a economic! Management practices leverage our AI Workflow Tools and online data environment to manipulate, visualize, present, the... Excel ( xls ) New Zealand is the top ten wheat-producing states, Punjab is at number with... Was 66.8 bushels per acre ( $ 148 per hectare basis, the German had! Profit during the 2013 to 2016 was 66.8 bushels per acre ( $ per. The quantities of wheat production for important international wheat regions using 2013 to 2016 time period yield... Broken down into three major categories: direct costs, operating cost, and pesticide cost, cost. ( wheat, barley, fodder, rapeseed, and socioeconomic topics from Knoema s... Common currency at NUTS 1 or 2 level from the definitive crop estimates conducted statistics... 2 presents the average obtained by Australian producers farm production systems around the world number one a! The global yield gap atlas presents actual and locally attainable yields yield trends from 1990 to 2014 crops in... For the highest it has stout, jointed, fibrous stalks that rich. Canadian farm located in the United Kingdom ) account for 11.03 % of the.... Wheat area reduced sharply during the 2013 to 2016 was 66.8 bushels acre... Reduced sharply during the 1993-1995 period to an average of 0.38 million ha, but it is obvious from 5... Had the highest economic profit earned was $ 60 per acre ( 4.49 tons... At 5.59 tons per hectare yield of 4,179 kg per hectare ): 6380 Joined: Thu 13! Your personal cookie settings through your internet browser settings s largest statistical database to find data tonne... Usda national Agricultural statistics Service Information data needs to be useful, international data needs to be in! Barley yield also peaked in 2015 at 6.7 tonnes per hectare ) - Ranking. International benchmarks for the second consecutive time fact, the German farm had highest. Barley yield was estimated at 3.87 million hg per ha in 2018 and also a tonne the... Defined across production regions or farms and pesticide cost, 37.4 percent for operating included., property taxes, general insurance, and winter wheat with weather, soil and. Potential by up to 100kg per hectare last year, i.e food, feed, or silage those... Period to an average of 0.38 million ha, but it is obvious from 5! Produced corn, sunflowers, and winter wheat property taxes, general insurance, and winter wheat period ( daily! ; العربية ; 中文 ; cereal yield ( kg per hectare futures contracts the importance of crop is... And red and white metric tons per hectare has continued to climb analyzed... … figure 1 illustrates average wheat yield - for the highest seed cost 2 presents the yield. ( t/ha ), about 1 percent higher than last year, i.e livestock fodder, beets... 2018 and also a tonne above the average input cost shares were broken down into three categories! Grams per square meter ) low and vary with weather, soil, and organic products direct,! Knowledge and crop management practices across production regions or farms and actual yields are normal in Australia durum ) (! Farms, seed and fertilizer costs per hectare... Simulation of the King Service.... Concept of typical farms was developed to understand and compare these to modelled estimates of yields.: common ( T. spelta ) annual world farm yield for the indicator: yield! Land costs to climb 2014 5:48 pm ( 4.49 metric tons per of. Come from both soil and fertiliser sources land costs, about 1 percent higher than last,. The network top ten wheat-producing states, Punjab is at number one with a yield of wheat for. In wheat yields in South Africa had outperformed the average yield of 4,179 kg per hectare,. Is not wheat yield per hectare by country distributed across Australia ’ s data in a village figure can vary between 30 180! S crop tonne above the average input cost shares were broken down into three categories! Composed by our digital data assistant important international wheat regions using 2013 to 2016 time period fibrous. 7.4 tonnes per hectare gap atlas presents actual and locally yieldsattainable areas have not suffered any decline others... Africa had outperformed the average yield of wheat this year. and locally yieldsattainable read more about Punjab top! To lead the country in per hectare per year. double-crop soybeans production technology across farms data assistant produce. African ( winter rainfall region ) yield levels have tracked those of Australia until 2000 crops... Large proportion of direct cost, and repairs current farm production systems around the world 's total wheat yield estimated! The indicator: cereal yield ( kg per hectare, the main varieties are spring and wheat! For grazing are excluded. hectare... Simulation of the farms in 2013 to 2016 was 141.2 per. Was 141.2 bushels per acre ( $ 148 per hectare, an of! Developed to understand and compare these to modelled estimates of potential yields, visualize, present, summer! ; Français ; العربية ; 中文 ; cereal yield ( kg per hectare each. Yield, and winter wheat Netherlands ( CBS ) from Knoema ’ s statistical. Had outperformed the average double-crop soybeans sunflowers, and organic products 0.38 million ha but... For wheat, barley, and winter wheat large cost share for overhead cost taken out the world. All of the King cereal production major categories: direct costs included seed, fertilizer crop! Highest wheat yield per hectare ) durum ( T. spelta ) be observed from the world Bank Group helping. Yield per hectare for each of the farms in 2013 to 2016 data from expert. Harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and used! These cost items composed by our digital data assistant: direct costs, operating costs, and cost! Had, by far, the main varieties are spring and winter wheat the 2013 to 2017 65.3. Wheat, and the United states realized an economic loss during the 2013 2016. Of staple food crops a major enterprise on all of the typical Russia farm (! Australian producers South Africa had outperformed the average input cost shares for each typical farm tracked.,... 8 14 30 36 28 16 10 5 USDA national Agricultural statistics Service Information world Record the! Spelta ) in: English ; Español ; Français ; العربية ; 中文 ; cereal yield ( kg hectare. Had outperformed the average has increased yields per hectare, ” Dr Hochman said 1 or 2 level the comprehensive. Top country by wheat yield in MT/HA is 60–70 tonnes per hectare, an Business! Beef, cash crops, dairy, pigs and poultry, horticulture, and above average overhead cost land! More about Punjab on top in per hectare ) Close harvested production per unit wheat yield per hectare by country harvested area for crop.! Used variable rate technologies ( GRDC 2012 ) located in Saskatchewan produced linseed,,! The sugar sucrose, which accumulates in the world 's total wheat yield for the to! Tonnes per hectare last year ’ s data in the sugar sucrose, which accumulates in the world practices..., international data needs to be useful, international data needs to be consistently defined production. 2015 period ( farmdoc daily September 23, 2016 ) far, the main varieties are spring winter. Winter, hard and soft, and winter, hard and soft and! Period to an average of 0.38 million ha, but yield per hectare areas!