No, Is the Subject Area "Health care policy" applicable to this article? Yes Sex slavery, sex trafficking and prostitution are often discussed as one and the same phenomenon, sometimes together with human trafficking and illegal smuggling. However, each of the categories and variables proposed must be understood within differing historical and socioeconomic contexts and the reigning political climate that might, for instance, fuel discriminatory public discourse on migrants and migrant workers. For information on cookies and how you can disable them visit our Privacy and Cookie Policy. The article “Attitudes about human trafficking: Individual differences related to belief and victim blame” takes an empirical look into how the public perceives victims of human trafficking. What is human trafficking? Reports on human trafficking regularly highlight that child workers, minorities, and irregular migrants are at particular risk of more extreme forms of exploitation. The US Department of Homeland Security1 has this to say: Human trafficking is modern-day slavery and involves the use of force, fraud, or coercion to obtain some type of labor or commercial sex act. The research explores how the human trafficking definition keeps changing over several decades to the present situation. • Human Trafficking Webliography (Panigabutra-Roberts 2009). Get new journal Tables of Contents sent right to your email inbox,, Articles in PubMed by JOHN M. OLDHAM, MDEditor, Articles in Google Scholar by JOHN M. OLDHAM, MDEditor, Other articles in this journal by JOHN M. OLDHAM, MDEditor, Psychiatry’s Role in the Management of Human Trafficking Victims: An Integrated Care Approach. By surveying undergraduate studies about common myths about human trafficking and their own trauma history, the author was able to identify how a small portion of the United States understands this crime. Notably, people can be recruited into trafficking situations multiple times over a single journey. No, Is the Subject Area "Labor economics" applicable to this article? To date, there has been very limited engagement by the global health community in the dialogue on or responses to trafficking. Human trafficking is a major global health and human rights problem, with reported victims in at least 152 countries. The exploitation that is at the heart of trafficking comprises different forms of abuse, such as extensive hours, poor pay, extortionate debt, physical confinement, serious occupational hazards, violence, and threats. suggest there are 2.3 million work-attributable deaths annually, with the greater share of work-related morbidity and injuries in low-income countries, and highlight the gradual shift of hazardous labor to Asia, in particular [22]. This website uses cookies. [email protected]. The United Nations defines trafficking in persons as “the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation” [2]. Since the American and European continents were involved as buyers, and the different African groups were both items of trade and middlemen, it is the first known international flow of human trafficking.However, prior to the first law against slavery by the British in 1807, this trade was both legal and government-tolerated. However, the recent development in terms of defining the menace proved a difficulty that demonstrates continued human exploitation. Moreover, from this vantage point, we might reflect somewhat provocatively on the striking similarities between the harm sustained by people who are officially identified as “trafficking victims” versus migrant workers in the same sectors [19]. 1 The total number of victims is unknown, although estimates range into the millions. Human Trafficking Research Questions . These interactions are exacerbated by weak labor governance [33] that fails to protect workers from production processes frequently fueled by demands for low-cost goods and services—despite international conventions to protect workers [34]. That is, the health consequences of human trafficking are so widespread and severe that it should be addressed as a public health problem of global magnitude. Initiatives to address human trafficking require targeted actions to prevent the drivers of exploitation across each stage of the labor migration cycle to stop the types of harm that can lead to generational cycles of disability and disenfranchisement. But we have to keep trying and not let ourselves look away. Psychotherapy in a Rapidly Changing World, Benzodiazepines for PTSD: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. 2000- Free the Slaves, an American charity organisation of Anti-Slavery International, was launched in the United States. PLOS is launching a collection of essays and research articles on “Human Trafficking, … Initially, trafficking of women and girls for forced sex work and, to a lesser extent, domestic servitude, were the sole focus of advocacy and assistance. Household debt can push people to accept extortionate job placement or employment terms and conditions—and, conversely, people may take out loans at difficult repayment rates to fund their migration [49]. 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